Anton Dolin is the son of the Soviet poet Veronika Dolina and professor of physics Vladimir Vorobyov. He graduated from Moscow State University (Philology Department) in 1997. In 2000, he graduated from the doctoral program of the Gorky Institute of World Literature.
He worked as a host for the Echo of Moscow from 1997 to 2003 and for Radio Mayak from 2007 to 2019. He has also worked for such newspapers and magazines as Moskovskiye Novosti (2006–2007), Expert (2006–2013), The New Times (2008–2017), Vedomosti (2011–2014), Gazeta.Ru (2012–2013), Afisha (2013–2017), and Meduza (since 2017). He was a regular film reviewer of the Vesti FM from 2010 to 2019, and then of the Silver Rain Radio. In 2012 Dolin joined the Evening Urgant late-night show as a host of the film review section. In 2020, he was fired from Channel One for publishing a negative review of Andrei Kravchuk's Union of Salvation in Meduza.
In 2017 Anton Dolin became editor-in-chief of the Iskusstvo Kino film magazine. In 2021 he started his own YouTube channel Radio Dolin, supported by Meduza. He is a co-host of Galina Yuzefovich's podcast Book Bazaar since 2021.
He is a member of the public council of the Russian Jewish Congress.